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what is web hosting and types ?

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In the world of web hosting, there are many options that will all get your site on the web. However, each of them cater directly to website owners needs - whether those needs be big or small. While they all act as a storage place for your website, where they differ is the amount of storage capacity, control, technical knowledge requirement, server speed and reliability.  These are the six types of web hosting you will most often come across: 

1. Free web hosting :-

it is a hosting service that is available in free of cost , different companies are providing thes type of  hosting services where we can put our website but they will provide domain concatenated with their service name. we can not choose own domain name . it is very good service for begineers , and small buisness purposes .  With a free web hosting service, you are not technically creating your own website, but creating one or more pages on someone else’s website.

                                 Image result for list of free web hosting service providersFor example, WordPress allows you to create a free site or blog on their wordpress.com website. However, you’ll find that your website is actually a subdomain of their domain. In other words, instead of www.yourwebsite.com, the URL will be www.yourwebsite.wordpress.com. They do give you the option to drop the WordPress bit, but you have to pay for the privilege. In other words, it’s free only as long as you don’t mind having WordPress in your URL, or ads splashed across the page.

1. InfinityFree

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No palpable space or traffic, reasonably good support, generous databases and truly impressive uptime and speed make InfinityFree perform better than some paid hosting service. It gives you a free subdomain upon signup so giving InfinityFree a test drive is easy and surprisingly pleasant.

2. Freehostia

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Freehostia is a perfect choice if you are looking to house a small project with few growth prospects. The best support on the free hosting scene and decent performance make it excellent for testing as well.  As long as you keep a close eye on your limits and pick the right time to upgrade to a paid host you’ll be perfectly fine.

3. X10hosting

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If you are keen on performance stats and know what your web project needs — do check out x10hosting. The resources are not that bountiful, but they are still more than enough to test the hosting waters before becoming a paid client.

4. AwardSpace

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AwardSpace is an all-rounded host with more than 15 years of experience — what more can you ask for as a starter pack in web building? A free subdomain? OK, you get one. Ample space? Sure, it’s there. Lots of bandwidth? Eh, why not?

5. FreeHosting.com

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FreeHosting.com is a perfectly safe choice if you want to have a go at hosting for the first time and don’t plan to create multiple websites. With 10GB of space and unlimited traffic, you’ll have an excellent testing environment. The support is quite good too.

 

 

2. Shared hosting

Shared hosting is perfect for entry-level website hosting. This is where your website will be stored on the same server as multiple other websites. With a shared hosting plan, all domains share the same server resources, such as RAM (Random Access Memory) and CPU (Central Processing Unit). However, because all resources are shared, the cost of shared hosting plans are relatively low, making them an excellent option for website owners in their beginning stages. 

In most cases, beginners will find shared the simplest method of hosting their website; so regardless of whether you’re a small business owner, a community group, or a stay-at-home mom with a desire to blog, your site will be accessible on the web. Shared hosting plans often comes with many helpful tools such as: website builders, WordPress hosting, and the ability to email clients.Although shared hosting provides website owners with a more simplistic approach to the web, the trade-off is that you’re sharing the server with multiple other website owners. This means that surges in usage can ultimately affect your website’s user experience. 

What is Shared Hosting?

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Shared hosting allows multiple websites to utilize a single server. Usually, you’ll have no idea who or what websites you’re sharing the resources of a server with. Each customer will usually have a limit on the total amount of server resources they can use, but this will be defined by your hosting package.

Shared hosting is easily the cheapest and most economical option for your needs. However, the cheap price comes with limitations, which we’ll get to below. Since most hosting companies will offer the same amount of space and storage it’s important to choose a company you can trust.

Advantages of Shared Hosting

  • It’s by far the cheapest hosting option you’re going to have available. The usual price for this style of hosting will range from $2.99-$9.99.
  • Most hosting companies have multiple levels of hosting available, so you can upgrade your hosting package with time. This makes shared hosting a great place to start.
  • Shared hosting usually comes equipped with a built-in cPanel, which makes it easy to manage your site.
  • No technical maintenance needs to be done on your end to the server, as this is usually included in part of your hosting package.

Put simply, shared hosting can be a great option for website owners with a small budget, or those just getting started online. You can always upgrade to another hosting package with time, as your budget allows, so you’re not stuck with this level of hosting forever.

Disadvantages of Shared Hosting

Shared hosting sounds pretty good: it’s affordable, has a solid uptime, and is easy to manage. But, it does come with certain drawbacks.

  • The load time can be a lot slower than dedicated servers.
  • The server can become overburdened by other sites that are sharing the server.
  • As your site begins to receive higher levels of traffic you’ll begin to notice that your site might begin to perform much worse.
  • You never quite know who your neighbors are. Although rare, it is possible for other sites on the server to pose a risk to your own site.
  • There’s a lack of customization options to truly get the highest level of performance from your website.

2. Virtual private server (VPS) hosting

 

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A VPS hosting plan is the ultimate middle ground between a shared server and a dedicated server. It’s ideal for website owners that need more control, but don’t necessarily need a dedicated server.VPS hosting is unique because each website is hosted within its own space on the server, though it still shares a physical server with other users. While VPS hosting provides website owners with more customization and storage space, they’re still not able to handle incredibly high traffic levels or spikes in usage meaning that the site performance can still be affected by other sites on the serverTypically, VPS hosting is used by website owners who want dedicated hosting but don’t have the technical knowledge needed. VPS hosting offers the cost benefits of shared hosting with the control of dedicated hosting. A great choice for advanced users and those that want specific software and package installations.

3. Dedicated server hosting

Dedicated hosting is an Internet hosting option in which a physical server (or servers) is dedicated to a single business customer. The customer has complete control over the machine, so they can optimize it for their unique requirements, including performance and security. The hosting provider supplies the physical server and environment, the associated services and technical support.

Dedicated hosting is synonymous with dedicated hosting service, managed hosting service and dedicated server.

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Dedicated hosting gives website owners the most control over the server that their website is  stored on. That’s because the server is exclusively rented by you and your website is the only one stored on it. This means that you have full root and admin access, so you can control everything from security to operating system that you run.However, all that control comes with a price.Dedicated servers cost are one of the most expensive web hosting options. Typically, they are used by website owners with high levels of website traffic, and those who are in need of complete control of their servers. In addition, a high level of technical expertise is required for the installation and ongoing management of the server. 

4. Cloud hosting

Cloud hosting is a type of web hosting which uses multiple different servers to balance the load and maximize uptime. Instead of using a single server, your website can tap into a “cluster” that uses resources from a centralized pool. This means that even if one server fails, another kicks in to keep everything running.

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Visualise the cloud as a web of different computers which are all interconnected. As more machines are hooked up to the network, more resources are added to the overall cloud.

With cloud hosting, you get a part of the so-called cloud cluster. As opposed to traditional web hosting, where you get a certain amount of space from a single server.

The main benefits of cloud hosting include a major focus on uptimeisolated resourceseasy scaling, and a dedicated IP address

The future of cloud hosting

Cloud computing, in general, is becoming more and more important for our modern society. The technology can bring many industries and business the cutting edge in the online world. Web hosting is just the tip of the iceberg, but it’s also the cornerstone that makes cloud possible.

Don’t be surprised when you see cloud hosting forming the backbone of everything from digital health records to property databases, legal agreements in the upcoming future!

 

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